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Title: Exploring the feasibility of targeted chronic hepatitis B screening in the emergency department: A pilot study.
Authors: Brock, Catherine;Yi, Yuan;Papaluca, Timothy;Lucas, Benjamin;Angus, Peter W;Taylor, David McD;Leung, Christopher
Affiliation: Department of Medicine, Austin Clinical School, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Department of Geospatial Sciences and Mathematics, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Department of Emergency Medicine, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 9-Jun-2018
EDate: 2018-06-09
Citation: Emergency medicine Australasia : EMA 2018; online first: 9 June
Abstract: To explore the feasibility of an ED chronic hepatitis B (CHB) screening programme. Adult patients born in intermediate-high CHB prevalent regions completed a pre-screening questionnaire and were offered CHB testing. ED staff were surveyed to gauge potential barriers to the programme. Eighty patients demonstrated limited knowledge of hepatitis B virus transmission and perceived many barriers to screening. Among 65 tested for CHB, no new cases were detected but 36 (55.4%, 95% CI 42.6-67.5) were susceptible to infection. Staff supported the programme but reported potential barriers. Targeted ED CHB screening is feasible but effectiveness and cost-effectiveness need further exploration.
DOI: 10.1111/1742-6723.13118
ORCID: 0000-0002-6700-3391
PubMed URL: 29885209
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: chronic hepatitis B
emergency department
hepatitis B virus
public health
targeted screening
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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