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|Title:||Cervical artery dissection in patients ≥60 years: often painless, few mechanical triggers|
|Authors:||Traenka, Christopher;Dougoud, Daphne;Simonetti, Barbara Goeggel;Metso, Tiina M;Debette, Stephanie;Pezzini, Alessandro;Kloss, Manja;Grond-Ginsbach, Caspar;Majersik, Jennifer J;Worrall, Bradford B;Leys, Didier;Baumgartner, Ralf;Caso, Valeria;Bejot, Yannick;Compter, Annette;Reiner, Peggy;Thijs, Vincent;Southerland, Andrew M;Bersano, Anna;Brandt, Tobias;Gensicke, Henrik;Touze, Emmanuel;Martin, Juan J;Chabriat, Hugues;Tatlisumak, Turgut;Lyrer, Philippe;Arnold, Marcel;Engelter, Stefan T;CADISP-Plus Study Group|
|Citation:||Neurology 2017; 88(14): 1313-1320|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE: In a cohort of patients diagnosed with cervical artery dissection (CeAD), to determine the proportion of patients aged ≥60 years and compare the frequency of characteristics (presenting symptoms, risk factors, and outcome) in patients aged <60 vs ≥60 years. METHODS: We combined data from 3 large cohorts of consecutive patients diagnosed with CeAD (i.e., Cervical Artery Dissection and Ischemic Stroke Patients-Plus consortium). We dichotomized cases into 2 groups, age ≥60 and <60 years, and compared clinical characteristics, risk factors, vascular features, and 3-month outcome between the groups. First, we performed a combined analysis of pooled individual patient data. Secondary analyses were done within each cohort and across cohorts. Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR [95% confidence interval]) were calculated. RESULTS: Among 2,391 patients diagnosed with CeAD, we identified 177 patients (7.4%) aged ≥60 years. In this age group, cervical pain (ORadjusted 0.47 [0.33-0.66]), headache (ORadjusted 0.58 [0.42-0.79]), mechanical trigger events (ORadjusted 0.53 [0.36-0.77]), and migraine (ORadjusted 0.58 [0.39-0.85]) were less frequent than in younger patients. In turn, hypercholesterolemia (ORadjusted 1.52 [1.1-2.10]) and hypertension (ORadjusted 3.08 [2.25-4.22]) were more frequent in older patients. Key differences between age groups were confirmed in secondary analyses. In multivariable, adjusted analyses, favorable outcome (i.e., modified Rankin Scale score 0-2) was less frequent in the older age group (ORadjusted 0.45 [0.25, 0.83]). CONCLUSION: In our study population of patients diagnosed with CeAD, 1 in 14 was aged ≥60 years. In these patients, pain and mechanical triggers might be missing, rendering the diagnosis more challenging and increasing the risk of missed CeAD diagnosis in older patients.|
Vertebral Artery Dissection
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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