Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/16634
Title: Progastrin: a potential predictive marker of liver metastasis in colorectal cancer
Authors: Westwood, David A;Patel, Oneel;Christophi, Christopher;Shulkes, Arthur;Baldwin, Graham S
Issue Date: Jul-2017
EDate: 2017-04-21
Citation: International Journal of Colorectal Disease 2017; 32(7): 1061-1064
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Staging of colorectal cancer often fails to discriminate outcomes of patients with morphologically similar tumours that exhibit different clinical behaviours. Data from several studies suggest that the gastrin family of growth factors potentiates colorectal cancer tumourigenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether progastrin expression may predict clinical outcome in colorectal cancer. METHODS: Patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma of identical depth of invasion who had not received neoadjuvant therapy were included. The patients either had stage IIa disease with greater than 3-year disease-free survival without adjuvant therapy or stage IV disease with liver metastases on staging CT. Progastrin expression in tumour sections was scored with reference to the intensity and area of immunohistochemical staining. RESULTS: Progastrin expression by stage IV tumours was significantly greater than stage IIa tumours with mean progastrin immunopositivity scores of 2.1 ± 0.2 versus 0.5 ± 0.2, respectively (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to show that progastrin expression may be predictive of aggressive tumour behaviour in patients with colorectal cancer and supports its clinical relevance and potential use as a biomarker.
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/16634
DOI: 10.1007/s00384-017-2822-8
ORCID: 0000-0002-0944-8747
PubMed URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28432443
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Cancer
Colorectal
Gastrin
Prognostic marker
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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