Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Irreversible deterioration of cortical and trabecular microstructure associated with breastfeeding
Authors: Bjørnerem, Ashild;Ghasem-Zadeh, Ali;Wang, Xiaofang;Bui, Minh;Walker, Susan P;Zebaze, Roger MD;Seeman, Ego
Issue Date: Apr-2017
EDate: 2016-10-13
Citation: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 2016; 32(4): 681-687
Abstract: Estrogen deficiency associated with menopause is accompanied by an increase in the rate of bone remodeling and the appearance of a remodeling imbalance; each of the greater number of remodeling transactions deposits less bone than was resorbed resulting in microstructural deterioration. The newly deposited bone is also less completely mineralized than the older bone resorbed. We examined whether breastfeeding, an estrogen deficient state, compromises bone microstructure and matrix mineral density. Distal tibial and distal radial microarchitecture were quantified using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography in 58 women prior, during and after breastfeeding, and in 48 controls during one to five years follow-up. Five months of exclusive breastfeeding increased cortical porosity by 0.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.3-0.9), reduced matrix mineralization density by 0.26% (95% CI 0.12-0.41), (both p < 0.01), reduced trabecular number by 0.22 per mm (95% CI 0.15-0.28), and increased trabecular separation by 0.07 mm (95% CI 0.05-0.08), (all p < 0.001). Relative to pre-breastfeeding, at a median of 2.6 years (range 1 to 4.8) after cessation of breastfeeding, cortical porosity remained 0.58 SD (95% CI 0.48-0.68) higher, matrix mineralization density remained 1.28 SD (95% CI 1.07-1.49) lower, trabeculae were 1.33 SD (95% CI 1.15-1.50) fewer and 1.06 SD (95% CI 0.91-1.22) more greatly separated (all p < 0.001). All deficits were greater than in controls. The results were similar at distal radius. Bone microstructure may be irreversibly deteriorated following cessation of breastfeeding at appendicular sites. Studies are needed to establish whether this deterioration compromises bone strength and increases fracture risk later in life.
DOI: 10.1002/jbmr.3018
ORCID: 0000-0002-9692-048X
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Cortical Porosity
Matrix Mineralization
Trabecular Bone Microarchitecture
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.

Items in AHRO are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.