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Title: Home-based rehabilitation for COPD using minimal resources: a randomised, controlled equivalence trial
Authors: Holland, Anne E;Mahal, Ajay;Hill, Catherine J;Lee, Annemarie L;Burge, Angela T;Cox, Narelle S;Moore, Rosemary P;Nicolson, Caroline;O'Halloran, Paul;Lahham, Aroub;Gillies, Rebecca;McDonald, Christine F
Issue Date: Jan-2017
EDate: 2016-09-26
Citation: Thorax 2017; 72(1): 57-65
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation is a cornerstone of care for COPD but uptake of traditional centre-based programmes is poor. We assessed whether home-based pulmonary rehabilitation, delivered using minimal resources, had equivalent outcomes to centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation. METHODS: A randomised controlled equivalence trial with 12 months follow-up. Participants with stable COPD were randomly assigned to receive 8 weeks of pulmonary rehabilitation by either the standard outpatient centre-based model, or a new home-based model including one home visit and seven once-weekly telephone calls from a physiotherapist. The primary outcome was change in 6 min walk distance (6MWD). RESULTS: We enrolled 166 participants to receive centre-based rehabilitation (n=86) or home-based rehabilitation (n=80). Intention-to-treat analysis confirmed non-inferiority of home-based rehabilitation for 6MWD at end-rehabilitation and the confidence interval (CI) did not rule out superiority (mean difference favouring home group 18.6 m, 95% CI -3.3 to 40.7). At 12 months the CI did not exclude inferiority (-5.1 m, -29.2 to 18.9). Between-group differences for dyspnoea-related quality of life did not rule out superiority of home-based rehabilitation at programme completion (1.6 points, -0.3 to 3.5) and groups were equivalent at 12 months (0.05 points, -2.0 to 2.1). The per-protocol analysis showed the same pattern of findings. Neither group maintained postrehabilitation gains at 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: This home-based pulmonary rehabilitation model, delivered with minimal resources, produced short-term clinical outcomes that were equivalent to centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation. Neither model was effective in maintaining gains at 12 months. Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation could be considered for people with COPD who cannot access centre-based pulmonary rehabilitation. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT01423227,
DOI: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2016-208514
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Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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