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Title: The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is associated with persistent atrial fibrillation
Authors: Lancefield, Terase F;Patel, Sheila K;Freeman, Melanie;Velkoska, Elena;Wai, Bryan;Srivastava, Piyush M;Horrigan, Mark;Farouque, Omar;Burrell, Louise M
Issue Date: 14-Sep-2016
EDate: 2016-09-14
Citation: PLoS One 2016; 11(9): e0161715
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Upregulation of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) has been proposed as a pathophysiological mechanism underlying the development of atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to investigate if soluble RAGE levels are associated with AF in Caucasian patients. METHODS: Patients (n = 587) were prospectively recruited and serum levels of soluble RAGE (sRAGE) and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) measured. The patients included 527 with sinus rhythm, 32 with persistent AF (duration >7 days, n = 32) and 28 with paroxysmal AF (duration <7 days, n = 28). RESULTS: Patients with AF were older and had a greater prevalence of heart failure than patients in sinus rhythm. Circulating RAGE levels were higher in patients with persistent AF [median sRAGE 1190 (724-2041) pg/ml and median esRAGE 452 (288-932) pg/ml] compared with paroxysmal AF [sRAGE 799 (583-1033) pg/ml and esRAGE 279 (201-433) pg/ml, p ≤ 0.01] or sinus rhythm [sRAGE 782 (576-1039) pg/ml and esRAGE 289 (192-412) pg/ml, p < 0.001]. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, independent predictors of persistent AF were age, heart failure, sRAGE [odds ratio 1.1 per 100 pg/ml, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.0-1.1, p = 0.001] and esRAGE [odds ratio 1.3 per 100 pg/ml, 95% CI 1.1-1.4, p < 0.001]. Heart failure and age were the only independent predictors of paroxysmal AF. In AF patients, sRAGE [odds ratio 1.1 per 100 pg/ml, 95% CI 1.1-1.2, p = 0.007] and esRAGE [odds ratio 1.3 per 100 pg/ml, 95% CI 1.0-1.5, p = 0.017] independently predicted persistent compared with paroxysmal AF. CONCLUSIONS: Soluble RAGE is elevated in Caucasian patients with AF, and both sRAGE and esRAGE predict the presence of persistent AF.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161715
ORCID: 0000-0003-1863-7539
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Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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