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Title: Real-life effectiveness of omalizumab in severe allergic asthma above the recommended dosing range criteria
Authors: Hew, Mark;Gillman, A;Sutherland, Michael F;Wark, P;Bowden, J;Guo, M;Reddel, HK;Jenkins, C;Marks, GB;Thien, F;Rimmer, J;Katsoulotos, GP;Cook, M;Yang, I;Katelaris, C;Bowler, S;Langton, D;Wright, C;Bint, M;Yozghatlian, V;Burgess, S;Sivakumaran, P;Yan, KY;Kritikos, V;Peters, M;Baraket, M;Aminazad, A;Robinson, P;Jaffe, A;Powell, H;Upham, JW;McDonald, VM;Gibson, PG
Issue Date: Nov-2016
EDate: 2016-07-22
Citation: Clinical & Experimental Allergy 2016; 46(11): 1407-1415
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Omalizumab (Xolair) dosing in severe allergic asthma is based on serum IgE and bodyweight. In Australia, patients eligible for omalizumab but exceeding recommended ranges for IgE (30-1500 IU/mL) and bodyweight (30-150 kg) may still receive a ceiling dose of 750 mg/4 weeks. About 62% of patients receiving government-subsidized omalizumab are enrolled in the Australian Xolair Registry (AXR). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether AXR participants above the recommended dosing ranges benefit from omalizumab and to compare their response to within-range participants. METHODS: Data were stratified according to dose range status (above-range or within-range). Further sub-analyses were conducted according to the reason for being above the dosing range (IgE only vs. IgE and weight). RESULTS: Data for 179 participants were analysed. About 55 (31%) were above recommended dosing criteria; other characteristics were similar to within-range participants. Above-range participants had higher baseline IgE [812 (IQR 632, 1747) IU/mL vs. 209 (IQR 134, 306) IU/mL] and received higher doses of omalizumab [750 (IQR 650, 750) mg] compared to within-range participants [450 (IQR, 300, 600) mg]. At 6 months, improvements in Juniper 5-item Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ-5, 3.61 down to 2.01 for above-range, 3.47 down to 1.93 for within-range, P < 0.0001 for both) and Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ mean score (3.22 up to 4.41 for above-range, 3.71 up to 4.88 for within-range, P < 0.0001) were observed in both groups. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1 ) improved among above-range participants. There was no difference in response between above-range and within-range participants. Above-range participants due to either IgE alone or IgE and weight had similar improvements in ACQ-5, AQLQ and FEV1 . CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Patients with severe allergic asthma above recommended dosing criteria for omalizumab have significantly improved symptom control, quality of life and lung function to a similar degree to within-range participants, achieved without dose escalation above 750 mg.
DOI: 10.1111/cea.12774
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Asthma
Dosing range
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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