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Title: Rapid molecular determination of methicillin resistance in staphylococcal bacteraemia improves early targeted antibiotic prescribing: a randomized clinical trial
Authors: Emonet, Stephane;Charles, Patrick G;Harbarth, Stephan;Stewardson, Andrew J;Renzi, Gesuele;Uckay, Ilker;Cherkaoui, Abdessalam;Rougemont, Mathieu;Schrenzel, Jacques
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2016
EDate: 2016-07-27
Citation: Clinical Microbiology and Infection 2016; online first: 27 July
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Empiric therapy of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) with vancomycin is associated with poorer outcome than targeted therapy with beta-lactams. Our objective was to evaluate if rapid determination of methicillin resistance shortens the time from Gram stain to targeted antimicrobial therapy in staphylococcal bacteraemia, thereby reducing vancomycin overuse. METHODS: Single-center open parallel RCT. Gram positive cocci in clusters positive blood culture underwent real-time PCR for rapid species and methicillin resistance determination parallel to conventional microbiology. Patients were randomized 1:1 so that clinicians would be informed of PCR results (intervention group) or not (control group). RESULTS: 89 patients (intervention 48, control 41) were analysed. MRSA was identified in 7 patients, MSSA in 46 and CoNS in 36. PCR results were highly concordant (87/89) with standard microbiology. Median time (hours) from Gram stain to transmission of methicillin-susceptibility was 3.9 (2.8-4.3) vs. 25.4 (24.4-26-7) in intervention vs. control groups (p< 0.001). Median time (hours) from Gram stain to targeted treatment was similar for "all staphylococci" [6 (3.8-10) vs. 8 (1-36) p = 0.13] but shorter in intervention group when considering S. aureus only [5 (3-7) vs. 25.5 (3.8-54) p<0.001]. When standard susceptibility testing complete, 41/48 (85.4%) patients in intervention group were already receiving targeted therapy compared to 23/41 (56.1%) in control group (p=0.004). There was no significant effect on clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid determination of methicillin resistance in staphylococcal bacteraemia is accurate and reduces significantly the time to targeted antibiotic therapy in the subgroup of S. aureus, thereby avoiding unnecessary exposure to vancomycin.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cmi.2016.07.022
PubMed URL:
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Antimicrobial stewardship
Methicillin resistance
Molecular diagnosis
Rapid microbiology
Staphylococcal bacteraemia
Targeted treatment
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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