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|Title:||Glaucarubinone combined with gemcitabine improves pancreatic cancer survival in an immunocompetent orthotopic murine model|
|Authors:||Yeo, Dannel;Huynh, Nhi;Beutler, John A;Baldwin, Graham S;He, Hong;Nikfarjam, Mehrdad|
|Citation:||Journal of Investigative Surgery 2016; 29(6): 366-372|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer continues to have a poor survival rate with an urgent need for improved treatments. Glaucarubinone, a natural product first isolated from the seeds of the tree Simarouba glauca, has recently been recognized as having anti-cancer properties that may be particularly applicable to pancreatic cancer. METHODS: The effect of glaucarubinone on the growth and migration of murine pancreatic cancer cells was assessed by 3H-thymidine incorporation assay. The survival impact of glaucarubinone alone and in combination with gemcitabine chemotherapy was assessed using an immunocompetent orthotopic murine model of pancreatic cancer. RESULTS: Glaucarubinone inhibited the growth of the murine pancreatic cancer cell lines LM-P and PAN02. Treatment with either glaucarubinone or gemcitabine reduced proliferation in vitro and the combination was synergistic. The combination treatment improved survival two-fold compared to gemcitabine treatment alone (p = 0.046) in PAN02 cells. CONCLUSIONS: The synergistic inhibition by glaucarubinone and gemcitabine observed in vitro and the improved survival in vivo suggest that glaucarubinone may be a useful adjunct to current chemotherapy regimens|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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