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|Title:||Galanin messenger RNA during postnatal development of the rat brain: expression patterns in Purkinje cells differentiate anterior and posterior lobes of cerebellum.|
|Authors:||Ryan, M C;Loiacono, R E;Gundlach, Andrew L|
|Affiliation:||The University of Melbourne, Department of Medicine, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Heidelberg, Australia.|
|Citation:||Neuroscience; 78(4): 1113-27|
|Abstract:||Following our initial mapping of preprogalanin messenger RNA in adult brain and its presence in a subpopulation of cerebellar Purkinje neurons [Ryan M. C. and Gundlach A. C. (1996) Neuroscience 70, 709-728], the present study examined the ontogenic expression of preprogalanin messenger RNA in the postnatal rat brain focussing on the Purkinje cells of the cerebellar cortex. Using in situ hybridization histochemistry, preprogalanin messenger RNA was detected in the developing forebrain and hindbrain from postnatal day 4 to day 60 (adult). On postnatal day 4 very light hybridization signal (labelling) was observed in cells of a number of nuclei including the central amygdaloid nucleus, the medial preoptic area, paraventricular nucleus and dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus of the forebrain while lightly-labelled cells were detected in neurons of the nucleus of the solitary tract and locus coeruleus of the hindbrain. Hybridization signal was not apparent in other nuclei until later, with positively-labelled neurons first apparent in the dorsal cochlear nucleus at postnatal day 21. The abundance of preprogalanin messenger RNA-positive neurons and the intensity of the hybridization signal increased, in most regions, until postnatal day 28 when labelling resembled that of the mature rat. Preprogalanin messenger RNA was first detected in the cerebellum on postnatal day 10 only in Purkinje cells of lobule 10 of the posterior vermis and increased in distribution throughout Purkinje cell layers of the entire cerebellar cortex by postnatal day 13. The intensity of hybridization signal in Purkinje cells varied between lobules, with Purkinje cells in lobule 10 displaying a moderate to heavy degree of labelling, while lobules 6-9 and the more posterior lobules of the hemisphere including crus 2 of the ansiform lobule, the paramedian lobule and the copula pyramis, displayed only light labelling. The intensity of labelling in the anterior vermis and the remaining lobules of the hemisphere including crus 1 of the ansiform lobule, the simple lobule, the paraflocculus and the flocculus, was homogeneously weak. By postnatal day 21, Purkinje cell labelling reached maximum intensity in all lobules. Regional differences were still apparent, however, with labelling in the posterior vermis and hemisphere ranging from moderate to heavy, with only light to moderate labelling detected in the anterior vermis. The intensity of labelling in the posterior vermis and most lobules of the hemisphere was similar from postnatal day 21 to adulthood, while, in the anterior vermis, crus 1 of the ansiform lobule and the simple lobule, the intensity of hybridization decreased slightly by postnatal day 28 and was completely absent in Purkinje cells of the adult rat. Differential expression of preprogalanin messenger RNA in Purkinje cells of the developing rat cerebellum and transient expression in certain lobules suggests that galanin gene products may have a role in both the developing and mature rat brain and that galanin gene expression may represent a useful marker for differentiating the anterior and posterior cerebellar lobes.|
|Internal ID Number:||9174078|
Animals, Newborn.growth & development.metabolism
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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