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|Title:||Cortical microarchitecture changes in genetic epilepsy.|
|Authors:||Wimmer, Verena C;Li, Melody Y-S;Berkovic, Samuel F;Petrou, Steven|
|Affiliation:||From The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health (V.C.W., M.Y.-S.L., S.P.) and Centre for Neuroscience (S.P.), University of Melbourne; and Epilepsy Research Centre and Department of Medicine (S.F.B.), University of Melbourne, Austin Health, Australia.|
From The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health (V.C.W., M.Y.-S.L., S.P.) and Centre for Neuroscience (S.P.), University of Melbourne; and Epilepsy Research Centre and Department of Medicine (S.F.B.), University of Melbourne, Austin Health, Australia. email@example.com.
|Citation:||Neurology 2015; 84(13): 1308-16|
|Abstract:||The human GABAAγ2(R43Q) mutation is associated with genetic epilepsy. Because of the role of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in brain development, we asked whether this epilepsy mutation might affect excitability by changing cortical cytoarchitecture.We used a mouse model harboring a heterozygous R43Q missense mutation in the GABAA receptor subunit γ2, as identified in a family with absence epilepsy and febrile seizures. Three-dimensional quantification of immunostained neurons (NeuN), inhibitory neurons (GABA), and inhibitory neuron subpopulations (calretinin, parvalbumin, and calbindin) was performed in fiducial somatosensory cortical columns of seizure-naive GABAAγ2(R43Q) and control mice.Of note, the densities of GABA-, calretinin-, parvalbumin-, and calbindin-containing neurons were increased, and somewhat perplexing, the ratio between putative excitatory and inhibitory neurons was decreased in GABAAγ2(R43Q) mice. Differences were detected in a layer-specific manner with greater overall effects in layers 2/3, 5, and 6, as compared with layers 1 and 4.Our results suggest that the γ2(R43Q) mutation significantly affects cortical microcircuitry in the cortex of this model of human genetic epilepsy.|
|Internal ID Number:||25740860|
|Appears in Collections:||Journal articles|
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