Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/12604
Title: Australian Enterococcal Sepsis Outcome Programme annual report, 2013.
Authors: Coombs, Geoffrey W;Pearson, Julie C;Daly, Denise A;Le, Tam T;Robinson, James O;Gottlieb, Thomas;Howden, Benjamin P;Johnson, Paul D R;Bennett, Catherine M;Stinear, Timothy P;Turnidge, John D
Institutional Author: Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance
Affiliation: Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, PathWest Laboratory Medicine WA, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia.
Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia.
Australian Collaborating Centre for Enterococcus and Staphylococcus Species (ACCESS) Typing and Research, School of Biomedical Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia.
Australian Collaborating Centre for Enterococcus and Staphylococcus Species (ACCESS) Typing and Research, School of Biomedical Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia and Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, PathWest Laboratory Medicine WA, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Western Australia.
Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Concord Hospital, Concord, New South Wales.
Microbiology Department, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria and Microbiological Diagnostic Unit, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne at The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria.
Microbiology Department, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria.
Population Health, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria.
Microbiological Diagnostic Unit, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Melbourne at The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria.
SA Pathology, Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia and Departments of Pathology, Paediatrics and Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia.
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2014
Citation: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report 2014; 38(4): E320-6
Abstract: From 1 January to 31 December 2013, 26 institutions around Australia participated in the Australian Enterococcal Sepsis Outcome Programme (AESOP). The aim of AESOP 2013 was to determine the proportion of enterococcal bacteraemia isolates in Australia that are antimicrobial resistant, and to characterise the molecular epidemiology of the Enterococcus faecium isolates. Of the 826 unique episodes of bacteraemia investigated, 94.6% were caused by either E. faecalis (56.1%) or E. faecium (38.5%). Ampicillin resistance was not detected in E. faecalis but was detected in over 90% of E. faecium. Vancomycin non-susceptibility was reported in 0.2% and 40.9% of E. faecalis and E. faecium respectively and was predominately due to the acquisition of the vanB operon. Overall, 41.6% of E. faecium harboured vanA or vanB genes. The percentage of E. faecium bacteraemia isolates resistant to vancomycin in Australia is significantly higher than that seen in most European countries. E. faecium isolates consisted of 81 pulsed-field gel electrophoresis pulsotypes of which 72.3% were classified into 14 major pulsotypes containing five or more isolates. Multilocus sequence typing grouped the 14 major pulsotypes into clonal cluster 17, a major hospital-adapted polyclonal E. faecium cluster. Of the 2 predominant sequence types, ST203 (80 isolates) was identified across Australia and ST555 (40 isolates) was isolated primarily in the western and central regions (Northern Territory, South Australia and Western Australia) respectively. In conclusion, the AESOP 2013 has shown enterococcal bacteraemias in Australia are frequently caused by polyclonal ampicillin-resistant high-level gentamicin resistant vanB E. faecium, which have limited treatment options.
Internal ID Number: 25631594
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/12604
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25631594
Type: Journal Article
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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