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Title: Diffusion-weighted imaging properties of uterine fibroids pre- and post-uterine fibroid embolisation.
Authors: Kirpalani, Anish;Chong, Jennifer;Yang, Natalie;Jenkins, Sarah J;Nisenbaum, Rosane;Prabhudesai, Vikramaditya;Anthwal, Shalini;Colak, Errol
Affiliation: Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, 3CC, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada. Electronic address:
Department of Radiology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia.
Department of Radiology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1B 3V6, Canada.
Centre for Research on Inner City Health, the Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada.
Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, 3CC, Toronto, ON M5B 1W8, Canada.
Issue Date: 7-Jun-2014
Citation: European Journal of Radiology 2014; 83(9): 1620-5
Abstract: To determine the change in apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of uterine fibroids following uterine fibroid embolisation (UFE), and if the ADC change correlates with either volume loss or degree of contrast enhancement post-UFE.This study was approved by our institutional review board with waiver of consent. The pelvic MRI examinations, including diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) using 4 b-values, of 50 consecutive patients prior to and 6 months post-UFE were analyzed. The volume, ADC and amount of enhancement were calculated for each fibroid both pre- and post-UFE. The percent residual enhancement for each fibroid was categorized as either: no (0-1%) residual enhancement or residual (>1%) enhancement. Statistical analysis compared ADC, enhancement and volume for each fibroid pre- and post-UFE using paired t-tests and Pearson correlation coefficients.The mean ADC of all (n=88) fibroids pre-UFE was 1.30±0.20×10(-3)mm(2)/s, and increased to 1.68±0.24×10(-3)mm(2)/s post-UFE (p<0.0001). Lower pre-UFE ADC correlated with greater ADC change post-UFE (r=-0.50; p<0.0001). There was no correlation between ADC change and volume change post-UFE (r=0.07; p=0.59). However, fibroids with no residual enhancement post-UFE had larger ADC change than those with residual enhancement (p=0.003).The ADC of fibroids rises post-UFE. ADC change post-UFE is associated with the degree of loss of enhancement and may therefore be valuable in predicting response to treatment in pre-procedural counseling.
Internal ID Number: 24976500
DOI: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2014.05.031
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: ADC
Diffusion weighted imaging
Contrast Media.diagnostic use
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging.methods
Embolization, Therapeutic.methods
Image Enhancement.methods
Meglumine.analogs & derivatives.diagnostic use
Middle Aged
Organometallic Compounds.diagnostic use
Treatment Outcome
Uterine Neoplasms.diagnosis.therapy
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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