Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/11885
Title: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome: an acute manifestation of systemic lupus erythematous.
Authors: Chan, Dexter Yak Seng;Ong, Yin Sheng
Affiliation: dexter.chan@mohh.com.sg.
Austin Health, 145 Studley Road, PO Box 5555, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2013
Citation: Singapore Medical Journal; 54(9): e193-5
Abstract: Stroke mimickers are common, and they represent a diagnostic dilemma for clinicians. Many, like posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), are easily reversible. The manifestation of PRES is characterised by headaches, convulsions, altered mental functioning and blindness. In most cases, computed tomography of the brain will show hypodense lesions in the parieto-occpitial lobe, which only further confounds the physician. Although this syndrome is uncommon, prompt and accurate recognition allows early treatment, which has been shown to produce favourable outcomes. Herein, we report the case of a 54-year-old woman, who presented with PRES, as an acute manifestation of systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) and lupus nephritis. The patient was initially thought to be experiencing an ischaemic stroke, but the diagnosis was later changed. On management of her underlying condition, her symptoms resolved. PRES should be recognised as an acute emergency manifestation of SLE. It should not be mistaken for an ischaemic stroke as inappropriate treatment could have adverse outcomes.
Internal ID Number: 24068069
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/11885
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24068069
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Acute Disease
Biopsy
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Humans
Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic.complications.diagnosis
Middle Aged
Posterior Leukoencephalopathy Syndrome.diagnosis.etiology
Tomography, X-Ray Computed
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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