Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/11723
Title: GeoSentinel surveillance of illness in returned travelers, 2007-2011.
Authors: Leder, Karin;Torresi, Joseph;Libman, Michael D;Cramer, Jakob P;Castelli, Francesco;Schlagenhauf, Patricia;Wilder-Smith, Annelies;Wilson, Mary E;Keystone, Jay S;Schwartz, Eli;Barnett, Elizabeth D;von Sonnenburg, Frank;Brownstein, John S;Cheng, Allen C;Sotir, Mark J;Esposito, Douglas H;Freedman, David O
Institutional Author: GeoSentinel Surveillance Network
Affiliation: Victorian Infectious Disease Service, Royal Melbourne Hospital, Monash University, Austin Hospital, Melbourne University. karin.leder@monash.edu
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2013
Citation: Annals of Internal Medicine; 158(6): 456-68
Abstract: International travel continues to increase, particularly to Asia and Africa. Clinicians are increasingly likely to be consulted for advice before travel or by ill returned travelers.To describe typical diseases in returned travelers according to region, travel reason, and patient demographic characteristics; describe the pattern of low-frequency travel-associated diseases; and refine key messages for care before and after travel.Descriptive, using GeoSentinel records.53 tropical or travel disease units in 24 countries.42 173 ill returned travelers seen between 2007 and 2011.Frequencies of demographic characteristics, regions visited, and illnesses reported.Asia (32.6%) and sub-Saharan Africa (26.7%) were the most common regions where illnesses were acquired. Three quarters of travel-related illness was due to gastrointestinal (34.0%), febrile (23.3%), and dermatologic (19.5%) diseases. Only 40.5% of all ill travelers reported pretravel medical visits. The relative frequency of many diseases varied with both travel destination and reason for travel, with travelers visiting friends and relatives in their country of origin having both a disproportionately high burden of serious febrile illness and very low rates of advice before travel (18.3%). Life-threatening diseases, such as Plasmodium falciparum malaria, melioidosis, and African trypanosomiasis, were reported.Sentinel surveillance data collected by specialist clinics do not reflect healthy returning travelers or those with mild or self-limited illness. Data cannot be used to infer quantitative risk for illness.Many illnesses may have been preventable with appropriate advice, chemoprophylaxis, or vaccination. Clinicians can use these 5-year GeoSentinel data to help tailor more efficient pretravel preparation strategies and evaluate possible differential diagnoses of ill returned travelers according to destination and reason for travel.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Internal ID Number: 23552375
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/11723
DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-6-201303190-00005
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23552375
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Adult
Africa South of the Sahara.epidemiology
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Asia.epidemiology
Caribbean Region.epidemiology
Child
Child, Preschool
Fever.epidemiology
Gastrointestinal Diseases.epidemiology
Humans
Infant
Infection.epidemiology
Latin America.epidemiology
Middle Aged
Respiratory Tract Infections.epidemiology
Sentinel Surveillance
Skin Diseases.epidemiology
Travel
Young Adult
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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