Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/11377
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dc.contributor.authorSher, Loren Men
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, David McDen
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Jeffen
dc.contributor.authorBrowning, Janeten
dc.contributor.authorColbridge, Marken
dc.contributor.authorMacleod, Dawsonen
dc.contributor.authorMcCracken, Hamishen
dc.contributor.authorMcKenzie, Christineen
dc.date.accessioned2015-05-16T00:58:03Z
dc.date.available2015-05-16T00:58:03Z
dc.date.issued2012-12-01en
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Journal of Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the European Society For Emergency Medicine; 19(6): 389-94en
dc.identifier.govdoc22113167en
dc.identifier.otherPUBMEDen
dc.identifier.urihttp://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/11377en
dc.description.abstractWe aimed to determine the epidemiology of chemical eye exposures reported to the Victorian Poisons Information Centre, Australia.This was a prospective case series comprising consecutive calls to the Victorian Poisons Information Centre that related to chemical eye exposures (January 2009-2010). Data included patient demographics, place and cause of exposure, nature of the chemical, symptoms and advice given. Patients were telephoned 48 h later to determine the outcome and whether the advice had been taken.One thousand four hundred and eighty patients were enroled (45.7%, aged <16 years) with 937 (63.3%) followed up. Cleaning agents (32.6%), topical personal products (25.4%), industrial agents (11.8%), herbicides/pesticides (5.7%), petroleum products (4.2%) and miscellaneous agents (20.3%) comprised the exposure groups. Men were exposed to significantly more industrial agents (74.8 vs. 25.2%) and fewer topical personal agents (31.3 vs. 68.7%) than women, (P<0.001). Children were exposed to significantly more topical personal agents (65.2 vs. 34.8%) and fewer industrial agents (28.7 vs. 71.3%) than adults (P<0.001). The median time between exposure and the call for advice was significantly shorter for children (P<0.001). Eight hundred and ten (54.7%) patients were advised that medical care was not required. The remainder were advised to seek care or were already receiving care. At follow-up, only 63 (6.7%) patients were symptomatic. Eight hundred and fifty patients (90.8%) had complied with the advice given. There were no compliance differences between men/women and children/adults (P>0.05).Most exposures are of little consequence. However, there are clear epidemiological differences between sex and age groups. These findings will help inform prevention strategies.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.subject.otherAdolescenten
dc.subject.otherAdulten
dc.subject.otherAge Distributionen
dc.subject.otherAgeden
dc.subject.otherChilden
dc.subject.otherDrug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactionsen
dc.subject.otherEmergenciesen
dc.subject.otherEye Injuries.chemically induced.epidemiologyen
dc.subject.otherFemaleen
dc.subject.otherHousehold Products.classification.poisoningen
dc.subject.otherHumansen
dc.subject.otherMaleen
dc.subject.otherMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.otherPesticides.classification.poisoningen
dc.subject.otherPharmaceutical Preparations.classificationen
dc.subject.otherPoison Control Centers.statistics & numerical dataen
dc.subject.otherPoisoning.diagnosis.epidemiologyen
dc.subject.otherSex Distributionen
dc.subject.otherTherapeutic Irrigation.statistics & numerical dataen
dc.subject.otherVictoria.epidemiologyen
dc.subject.otherYoung Adulten
dc.titleThe epidemiology of chemical eye exposures reported to the Victorian Poisons Information Centre.en
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.journaltitleEuropean journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicineen
dc.identifier.affiliationEmergency Department, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australiaen
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/MEJ.0b013e32834e912aen
dc.description.pages389-94en
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22113167en
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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