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dc.contributor.authorTaylor, David McDen
dc.contributor.authorMacBean, Catherine Een
dc.contributor.authorDas, Atandrilaen
dc.contributor.authorMohd Rosli, Reizalen
dc.identifier.citationMedical Journal of Australia; 187(8): 432-4en
dc.description.abstractTo evaluate change in handheld mobile telephone (mobile) use among motor vehicle drivers between 2002 and 2006.Observational study of motor vehicle drivers at three times (10:00-11:00; 14:00-15:00; 17:00-18:00) on three consecutive Tuesdays in October 2006 at 12 highway sites in metropolitan Melbourne.Rates of handheld mobile use overall and by the sex and age of drivers, highway site (major metropolitan road, central business district, freeway exit ramp) and time of day.In 2002, 315 of 17 023, and in 2006, 331 of 20 207 drivers were observed using handheld mobiles. This represented a non-significant rate decrease from 18.5 to 16.3 users/1000 drivers (rate difference, 2.1 users/1000 drivers; 95% CI,- 0.6 to 4.8; P = 0.07). Unlike 2002, the rate of handheld mobile use among men in 2006 was significantly higher than for women (rate difference, 3.7 mobiles/1000 drivers; 95% CI, 0.1-7.3; P = 0.03). In both 2002 and 2006, mobile use was most common in the central business district. In 2002, there was significantly more mobile use in the evening, while in 2006, the evening rate was significantly lower than the morning rate (rate difference, 4.3; 95% CI, - 0.1 to 8.7; P = 0.03) and slightly lower than the afternoon rate (rate difference, 3.0; 95% CI, - 1.1 to 7.1; P = 0.08). The effect of age remained unchanged between 2002 and 2006, with older drivers using mobiles least (P < 0.001).The number of drivers at risk from handheld mobile phone use remains almost unchanged. However, a slight reduction in the rate of use overall and variations in use among driver subgroups are apparent. Policing and public awareness campaigns need to further address this preventable risk of injury.en
dc.subject.otherAge Distributionen
dc.subject.otherAutomobile Driving.psychologyen
dc.subject.otherCell Phones.trends.utilizationen
dc.subject.otherMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.otherSex Distributionen
dc.titleHandheld mobile telephone use among Melbourne drivers.en
dc.typeJournal Articleen
dc.identifier.journaltitleMedical Journal of Australiaen
dc.identifier.affiliationEmergency Department, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australiaen
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