Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/10342
Title: The accuracy of cystatin C and commonly used creatinine-based methods for detecting moderate and mild chronic kidney disease in diabetes.
Authors: Macisaac, Richard J;Tsalamandris, Con;Thomas, Merlin C;Premaratne, Erosha;Panagiotopoulos, Sianna;Smith, T J;Poon, A;Jenkins, Margaret A;Ratnaike, S I;Power, David Anthony;Jerums, George
Affiliation: Endocrine Centre and Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne and Austin Health, Heidelberg West, Victoria, Australia
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2007
Citation: Diabetic Medicine : A Journal of the British Diabetic Association; 24(4): 443-8
Abstract: The accuracy of measuring serum cystatin C levels for detecting various stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in diabetes is still unclear.In a cross-sectional study of 251 subjects, a reference glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was measured using (99c)Tc-DTPA plasma clearance (iGFR). Multivariate analysis was used to identify independent clinical and biochemical associations with serum cystatin C and iGFR levels. The diagnostic accuracy of cystatin C and commonly used creatinine-based methods of measuring renal function (serum creatinine, the MDRD four-variable and Cockcroft-Gault formulae) for detecting mild and moderate CKD was also compared.In the entire study population the same five variables, age, urinary albumin excretion rates, haemoglobin, history of macrovascular disease and triglyceride levels were independently associated with both cystatin C and iGFR levels. A serum cystatin C level cut-off > 82.1 nmol/l (1.10 mg/l) had the best test characteristics as a screening tool for detecting moderate CKD (< 60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)) when compared with creatinine-based methods. At the upper threshold for mild CKD (< 90 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)), cystatin C also had greater diagnostic accuracy than creatinine, but had similar diagnostic accuracy when compared with creatinine-based formulae for predicting renal function.This study suggests that the clinical and biochemical parameters associated with serum cystatin C levels are closely linked to those associated with GFR and highlights the potential usefulness of screening for moderate or mild CKD in subjects with diabetes by simply measuring serum cystatin C levels.
Internal ID Number: 17388960
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/10342
DOI: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.2007.02112.x
ORCID: 0000-0002-0845-0001
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17388960
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Creatinine.analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Cystatins.blood
Diabetic Nephropathies.diagnosis
Female
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Humans
Kidney Function Tests
Male
Middle Aged
Predictive Value of Tests
Reference Values
Sensitivity and Specificity
Severity of Illness Index
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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