Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/10240
Title: Sleep deprivation increases cortical excitability in epilepsy: syndrome-specific effects.
Authors: Badawy, Radwa A B;Curatolo, J M;Newton, Mark R;Berkovic, Samuel F;Macdonell, Richard A L
Affiliation: Department of Neurology, Austin Health, Studley Road, Heidelberg, Victoria 3084, Australia
Issue Date: 26-Sep-2006
Citation: Neurology; 67(6): 1018-22
Abstract: To use transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) to investigate the hypothesis that sleep deprivation increases cortical excitability in people with epilepsy.We performed paired pulse TMS stimulation, using a number of interstimulus intervals (ISIs) on each hemisphere of 30 patients with untreated newly diagnosed epilepsy (15 idiopathic generalized epilepsy [IGE] and 15 focal epilepsy) and on the dominant hemisphere of 13 healthy control subjects, before and after sleep deprivation.Both hemispheres in patients with IGE and the hemisphere ipsilateral to the EEG seizure focus in those with focal epilepsy showed an increase in cortical excitability following sleep deprivation at a number of ISIs. This change in excitability was most prominent in the patients with IGE. Although there were minor changes after sleep deprivation in control subjects and the contralateral hemisphere in the focal epilepsy group seen at the 250-millisecond ISI, it was less than in the other groups.Sleep deprivation increases cortical excitability in epilepsy; the pattern of change is syndrome dependent.
Internal ID Number: 17000971
URI: http://ahro.austin.org.au/austinjspui/handle/1/10240
DOI: 10.1212/01.wnl.0000237392.64230.f7
URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17000971
Type: Journal Article
Subjects: Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cerebral Cortex.physiopathology
Electroencephalography.methods
Epilepsy.physiopathology
Female
Functional Laterality
G0 Phase.physiology
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Sleep Deprivation.physiopathology
Time Factors
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.methods
Appears in Collections:Journal articles

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